46. There have been great changes in agricultural exports over the years. Early on the only exports were sugar cane, rice, and canned mushrooms or asparagus. Now exports include pork, aquaculture products and so on. The biggest export markets are Japan, Hong Kong and the United States.
47. Main agricultural imports include the following: lumber, corn, leather, soybeans, wine, cotton dairy products, fish powder and tobacco. Main suppliers are the United States, Malaysia and Australia.
48. Beginning in 1953, the average value of agricultural production increased 7.3%, with exports increasing at a rate of 9.3 %. But beginning in 1970, agricultural exports fell behind agricultural imports. Average caloric and protein intake is among the highest in Asia.
49. Agriculture seems to have declined in importance in everything from employment to gross domestic production, to export value. But agriculture is still at the root of the economy and cannot be slighted. This is because it not only provides the food we eat, it is also a force for social stability.
50. The most important factor in our agricultural success has been the dedication of the farmers themselves. Continual improvements in techniques and infrastructure and the healthy development of farmers' organizations also allowed agriculture in Taiwan to maintain appropriate growth.
51. The government has extended many economic incentives to farmers. Land reform was most important because it laid the foundation for later successes. The government has also used guaranteed prices, low-interest loans and other policies to ensure that agriculture remains a strong link in the economy as a whole.
52. As politics and society become more democratic and pluralized, and as the economy becomes more open and internationalized, agriculture faces a number of problems, such as relatively low farm incomes (compared to urban areas) and laggard adjustment in the production and sales structure.
53. Taking into account various objective conditions and future needs, the government has adopted many policies, in areas ranging from manpower to land use, to markets, to fishing, to social welfare, to environmental protection, and has set an "Integrated Agricultural Adjustment Program " to realize the goals of looking after the interests of farmers, developing agriculture and constructing agricultural communities.